REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-10

Diabetes mellitus and oral health


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Ragas Dental College, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranganathan Kannan
Professor and Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Ragas Dental College, Uthandi, Chennai - 600096
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-8844.99874

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Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by abnormal secretion and metabolic action of insulin. Hyperglycemia, the key feature of this endocrine disorder causes multisystem damage leading to untoward effects in various tissues collectively referred to as "Diabetic complications". Diabetes alters the oral health to a great extent. Indeed, periodontitis has been reported as the sixth complication of this disease. This article gives an overview of the oral effects of diabetes with an emphasis on periodontal disease and its relationship with cardiovascular disorders and pre-term birth. Dental considerations for management of these patients and recent advances in the dental field with respect to diabetes are also highlighted.


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