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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77

Local restraints to a global necessity

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Uthandi, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication3-Jan-2014

Correspondence Address:
K Rangananthan
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Uthandi, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-8844.124247

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How to cite this article:
Rangananthan K. Local restraints to a global necessity. J Orofac Sci 2013;5:77

How to cite this URL:
Rangananthan K. Local restraints to a global necessity. J Orofac Sci [serial online] 2013 [cited 2023 Feb 1];5:77. Available from:

The top two topics that has and is generating a lot of attention and debate among the Indian Dental academia in the past 1 year are "Research" and "Ethics" (with the closely linked issue "plagiarism"). I would like to make my observations and comments on the first of the two, based on the concern expressed by our colleagues from different specialties in various forums.

India, in the past few years has seen a rapid growth in number of graduating dentists with the number of dental institutions increasing to around 302 of which 187 offer postgraduate degrees in various specialties. In this context of active growth of dental education the apex regulatory body of dentistry in India: Dental Council of India (DCI) brought in the applauded and much needed requisite of publications for faculty.

This did spur the growth of research infrastructure in many institutions. Interestingly, a spinoff of this mandate saw a mushrooming of "Journals" to facilitate publication of original research. Does this imply that original research is booming in India… The answer sadly is no, going by the feedback from the editors of some of the peer-reviewed journals. It is imperative that we look at the overall research scenario, its deficiency and what we are doing right and what we are doing wrong and address it at the earliest.

  • In the recently released Quacquarelli Symonds 2013 global education ranking No Indian institute was listed in the top 200. A news report of this result quoted an official from the Human Resource Development ministry as saying "…we (Indians) must play the same game the rest of the world is playing..." and also emphasized that universities should not ignore well documented global ratings. [1] Research deficiency is truly a problem and suggestions to improve this scenario at the governmental funding level, university level and institutional level have been made by various policy makers and a lot of encouraging ideas are being initiated by the government.
  • What about dental institutions? Looking at existing data the number of dental journals and publications are increasing, which is good but along with this incidences of plagiarism, unethical conduct and conflict of interest are also increasing, which is bad. The solution to this is obvious: Regulation and a method of auditing for quality and relevance. What is not obvious is who and how should it be done? Should it be self-regulatory or should the DCI or should we have a separate regulatory body/committee? We need to have a system in place at the earliest for the better interest of good science.
  • In addition to the mushrooming of journals another area of major concern is the system of "peer-reviewership." Invitations for review come once your name is listed in an indexed article. Is this right? Should the experience or the number of publications be considered? Many feel it should and this system of selection for peer-reviewing is in urgent need of reevaluation.
  • Finally, but more importantly given the number of post-graduate students doing research it must be made mandatory that all institutions follow a common guideline for their ethical/review boards in line with those set by the Indian Council of Medical Research.

  References Top

1.World rankings: Poor research pushes India′s grade down. Hindustan Times, Gauri Kohli, New Delhi. Available from: [Last accessed on 2013 Oct 30].  Back to cited text no. 1


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