Table of Contents  
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77

Burden of oral cancer: An Indian scenario

Dean, SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Date of Web Publication16-Oct-2014

Correspondence Address:
Lingamaneni Krishna Prasad
Dean, SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-8844.143043

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Prasad LK. Burden of oral cancer: An Indian scenario . J Orofac Sci 2014;6:77

How to cite this URL:
Prasad LK. Burden of oral cancer: An Indian scenario . J Orofac Sci [serial online] 2014 [cited 2023 Jun 8];6:77. Available from:

Head and neck cancer is a major problem that occurs in Asia, especially in Indian subcontinent. More than 2 lakh new cases of head and cancers are diagnosed each year. India contributes up to 7.8% of the global cancer burden and 8.33% of global cancer deaths. [1] Developed countries present with a maximum 40% of patients with advanced disease whereas prevalence in developing countries like India is >60% of these patients. [2]

Oral cancer being the 3 rd most common type which accounts for over 30% of all cancers in the country. [3] Almost 80,000 cases are diagnosed annually. Relatively the mean age of occurrence is around 55 years, in the adult population. Incidence in the pediatric population is comparatively <0.25%. Younger individuals are the susceptible sector of the society, with an undue exposure of risk factors such as tobacco. 2/3 rds of the oral cancer is prevalent in males whereas there is much variation in females. Effect of ageing and regional differences are associated with disease-specific risk factors, that attribute to the variation in incidence and pattern of the disease. [4]

Oral health care should be given utmost importance in the present society. Public health officials, health providers and academic medical centers are redeemed in motivating the community. Oral cancer has been recognized as a grave problem. In the interim, redefining the major shortcomings is necessary. Physical, psychological, social and economic state of an individual, stance a massive constrain in reaching out the affected strata. Increasing number of oral cancer patients belong to weaker socioeconomic section, lack awareness, have misconceptions. The additional fact of inadequate access to trained providers and limited health services lead to delayed detection of oral cancer.

Other major burden in India is regarding the scarce diagnostic infrastructure, crucial investigatory centers and services to the needy, is at paucity. Facilities are significantly higher in the urban areas when compared with the rural inhabitants. Most of the patients even if diagnosed with cancer are unable to obtain better treatment, as there is dearth in the knowledge about the etiology and risk factors-related to cancer. There are no uniform protocols for management, minimal access to newer therapies and drug regimes.

Efforts to understand the fundamentals related to etiology, predisposing elements, progression of cancer, conventional symptoms, necessary investigations and management protocols is mandatory. Obtaining the literature on newer concepts of investigation for early detection, management protocols and treatment modalities is on the momentum in various research universities and governing bodies. Public awareness programs are on the increasing trend which can create a major difference in reducing the burden of oral cancer on the society.

  References Top

1.Saranath D, Khanna A. Current Status of Cancer Burden: Global and Indian Scenario. Biomed Res J 2014;1(1):1-5.  Back to cited text no. 1
2.Kulkarani MR. Head and neck cancer burden in India. Int J Head Neck Surg 2013;4:29-35.  Back to cited text no. 2
3.Elango JK, Gangadharan P, Sumithra S, Kuriakose MA. Trends of head and neck cancers in urban and rural India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2006;7:108-12.  Back to cited text no. 3
4.Manoharan N, Tyagi BB, Raina V. Cancer incidences in rural Delhi-2004-05. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2010;11:73-7.  Back to cited text no. 4

  Authors Top

This article has been cited by
1 Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Indian Immigrants in Australia towards Oral Cancer and Their Perceived Role of General Practitioners: A Cross-Sectional Study
Nidhi Saraswat, Bronwyn Everett, Rona Pillay, Neeta Prabhu, Amy Villarosa, Ajesh George
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(14): 8596
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
Siddappa K.Thammaiah,Samskruthi P Murthy,P Krishna Prasad,Rajshekar Halkud,Purushottham Chavan,Rathan Shetty,Sunayana R Sarkar
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
3 Research Microscopy-assisted Cytomorphometric Analysis of Oral Exfoliated Cells in Leukoplakia and OSCC: A Comparative Study
Minal Chaudhary,Preethi Sharma,Rajul Ranka
World Journal of Dentistry. 2021; 12(1): 17
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 In Vitro Anticancer Effects of Cinnamomum verum J. Presl, Cinnamaldehyde, 4 Hydroxycinnamic Acid and Eugenol on an Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line
Malathi Narasimhan,Thodur M Balaji,Saranya Varadarajan,Durai Pandian Chamundeeswari,Dhanapal Sakthisekaran
The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice. 2020; 21(9): 1027
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 Aberrant expression of vimentin predisposes oral premalignant lesion derived cells towards transformation
Crismita Dmello,Sharada Sawant,Pratik Rajeev Chaudhari,Harsh Dongre,Chetan Ahire,Zinia Charlotte DęSouza,Silvania Emlit Charles,Pallavi Rane,Daniela Elena Costea,Davendra Chaukar,Shubhada Kane,Milind Vaidya
Experimental and Molecular Pathology. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
6 Effect of health education on awareness about oral cancer and oral self-examination
Kamaljeet Singh,Deepak Sharma,Manmeet Kaur,Krishan Gauba,JarnailS Thakur,Rajesh Kumar
Journal of Education and Health Promotion. 2017; 6(1): 27
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
7 Effect of ß-sitosterol against methyl nitrosourea-induced mammary gland carcinoma in albino rats
Chetan Manral,Subhadeep Roy,Manjari Singh,Swetlana Gautam,Rajnish K. Yadav,Jitendra K Rawat,Uma Devi,Md Nazam Ansari,Abdulaziz S. Saeedan,Gaurav Kaithwas
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2016; 16(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]


Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

  In this article

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded4844    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 7    

Recommend this journal